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Year : 2011  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 130-137

EEG-based drowsiness detection for safe driving using chaotic features and statistical tests

Department of Engineering, Biomedical Engineering Group, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Mikaili
Department of Engineering, Shahed University, Opposite the shrine of Imam Khomeini (RA), Persian Gulf Highway, Tehran
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2228-7477.95297

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Electro encephalography (EEG) is one of the most reliable sources to detect sleep onset while driving. In this study, we have tried to demonstrate that sleepiness and alertness signals are separable with an appropriate margin by extracting suitable features. So, first of all, we have recorded EEG signals from 10 volunteers. They were obliged to avoid sleeping for about 20 hours before the test. We recorded the signals while subjects did a virtual driving game. They tried to pass some barriers that were shown on monitor. Process of recording was ended after 45 minutes. Then, after preprocessing of recorded signals, we labeled them by drowsiness and alertness by using times associated with pass times of the barriers or crash times to them. Then, we extracted some chaotic features (include Higuchi's fractal dimension and Petrosian's fractal dimension) and logarithm of energy of signal. By applying the two-tailed t-test, we have shown that these features can create 95% significance level of difference between drowsiness and alertness in each EEG channels. Ability of each feature has been evaluated by artificial neural network and accuracy of classification with all features was about 83.3% and this accuracy has been obtained without performing any optimization process on classifier.

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